Dr. George Safonov
The Photon-Nonphoton Universe

Dr. George Safonov
℅ Michele Safonov Dawn
PO Box 840
CA 92564-0840
phone: 951-693-3333
email: jquac@aol.com

The Photon-Nonphoton Universe Concept

Looking Back and Looking Forward

Looking back to times before the discovery of the 2.73 Kelvin microwave background photons, we note that Newton considered bodies to translate or rotate relative to an “absolute space” which appears to correspond to the “preferred inertial frame” of the photon-nonphoton universe model. And, Einstein conjectured that “The general theory of relativity renders it likely that the electrical masses of an electron are held together by gravitational forces”. The same nonphotons that cause gravita- tional forces in a photon-nonphoton universe also act to confine the electrically charged photonics of an electron within a small toroidal region. Thus, the emerging universe model is in accord with Newton's concept of an absolute space and also with Einstein's conjecture on gravitational-force confinement of a fundamental particle's contents.

Looking forward in time, a few possible experiments to test aspects of the photon-nonphoton universe model come to mind. First, redshift observations should yield a constant when the distance to the photon emitter is divided by the natural logarithm of λd divided by λe. Here, λd and λe are the wavelengths of the detected and emitted photons, both emitter and detector being at rest in the preferred frame. Second, the average nonphoton, bearing news that a strong gravitational event had occurred, should be found to travel at about 81 percent of photon speed in the preferred frame. Third, if nonphoton bombardment of the photonics of the photonic-ring models of electrons and nucleons is a valid representation of their response to a gravitational field, then the weight of a magnet may be found to vary with its orientation in the gravitational field. Fourth, possible experiments related to the feasibility of a controlled nonphoton-fission reactor should be identified.

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