## The Photon-Nonphoton Universe Concept

### A Two-Vector Formalism

In the modeled universe, the microwave photons and all things consist of point-like particles whose properties conform with special relativity and whose interactions conform with the conservation of inertial mass-energy and momentum. Particle properties are expressed in terms of two perpendicular formalism vectors. The normal to the plane of the two vectors parallels the direction of a particle's motion. A particle's inertial mass-energy is given by the sum of the squares of the two vector lengths in units of ε, a tiny unit of energy. In units of ε/c, where c is the speed of photons, the magnitude of a particle's momentum equals twice the product of its two vectors' lengths. Thus, in units of photon speed, a particle's speed equals twice the product of its vector lengths divided by the sum of the squares of these two lengths.

If a particle's vectors are of equal length, it moves at photon speed and we refer to it as a “photonic”. If a particle's vector lengths are unequal, its speed is less than a photonic's and we refer to it as a “nonphoton”. Photonics and nonphotons are the two basic particle species in the modeled universe to which we refer as the “photon-nonphoton universe”.

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